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Color Knowledge

      Color is one of the main elements in decorative work. When properly applied, color can be used to bring together floors, walls, ceilings, furniture, decorative items, and lighting. Color has also been roven to affect the people's moods. Therefore, a basic understanding of color and paint is essential when carrying out decorative work.
The Color Cycle



The primary three colors are Red,Yellow and Blue.

       These saturated [or high Chroma] colors are regarded as free from white or black and help us to create the twelve color families in their relative Hues.

       Mixing any two of our primary colors: Red,Yellow and Blue makes a secondary color.

Our secondary colors are Green , Orange and Violet.

       The balance of our twelve color families : called the intermediate colors - are made by mixing each of our primary and secondary colors together.

Intermediate colors : Our primary , secondary and intermediate colors make our twelve color families.

       The tertiary colors: Olive,Citron and Russet , are complex colors made from the secondary colors - and while important - are not included in our Color wheel


       Painters and artists have been using the Color wheel as their guide to create successful color harmonies for many centuries - based on the twelve Color wheel Color families.

Adjoining Family color schemes.

       The Monochromatic color scheme is based on only one color area of the Color wheel and relies on shades and tints of that color to create the contrasts.

       Expanding the color range of the Monochromatic scheme to incorporate adjoining families we make the more complex Analogous and Harmoniose schemes.

Contrasting Color family schemes.

       The Complementary color scheme is a "contrasts" color scheme. It draws colors from the opposite sides on the Color wheel. This adding of the opposing warm and cool hues creates a color dynamic. These schemes are tempered by using tints and shades of the colors.Because equal parts of opposing colors cancel each other - a harmony requires one color area to be larger and dominate.

Split Complementary is a more complex version of the complementary scheme offsetting the contrast with the colors either side of the complementary.

Complex Contrast Family schemes.

       The triadic scheme is the most complex of contrasts - relying on three color families spaced equidistant around the wheel. These colors- when using a high chroma level are vibrant and energetic.


Color and Feeling

Colors have a significant psychological effect on people. Colors such as blue, turquoise, purple, yellow-green, and dark green create a relaxed atmosphere. "Hotter" colors such as red, orange, yellow, red-violet, and purple generate energetic, active environments.

The range of effects that colors have is based on tonality. For example, colors that possess large quantities of white in their make-up give a feeling of purity and liveliness. Colors with large quantities of black, on the other hand, are known to instill a sense of sadness and melancholy.

perfection, desired
contrast, conflict
silentness, profound
energetic, liveliness
refreshful, anxiousness
happiness, hope, gladness


Color and Emotion

Pastel colors such as turquoise and green provide a sense of freshness and comfort.
Soft-toned colors like pink, pale orange, yellow, and cream make for sweet and lively environments.

It is also commonly known that for a sense of warmth and peace, colors that contain large quantities of black and yellow such as brown or maroon are the best choice. Bolder colors like red, blue, yellow, and orange provide a sense of liveliness and vivacity.

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